Common Causes of Tooth Pain in Children


As parents, nothing is more heart-wrenching than watching our little one wince in pain. Unfortunately, just like adults, children can experience tooth pain and discomfort. However, identifying the source of the pain can be difficult, especially if you are unfamiliar with the common causes of tooth pain in children.

As your child grows and develops, their teeth also grow and change. Knowing the common causes of Novi tooth pain in children can help you take proactive steps to improve your child’s dental health. Here are five common causes of tooth pain in children you should know as a parent.


Teething is a common cause of tooth pain in infants and young children. As baby teeth emerge through the gums, it can cause discomfort, swelling, and pain in the mouth. Teething can be particularly uncomfortable when the teeth are close to the surface of the gums. 

You can provide relief by giving your child a chilled teething ring or gently rubbing the gums with a clean finger or soft towel. Also, through the guidance of your pediatrician, you can relieve your child’s tooth pain through over-the-counter pain relievers or teething gels. 

Sinus Infections

Sinus infections can be a common cause of tooth pain in children. The maxillary sinuses above the upper teeth can become inflamed and cause pain in the teeth and gums. This type of pain can be difficult to distinguish from tooth pain caused by other dental problems. 

If your child is experiencing tooth pain that does not appear to be caused by a dental problem, it is important to schedule an appointment with their pediatrician. Doing so can help rule out a sinus infection or other underlying health conditions.

Tooth Fracture

Children who engage in physical activities, such as sports, may experience trauma to the mouth that can lead to a fractured tooth. A tooth fracture can expose the tooth’s inner layers, leading to pain and sensitivity.

Depending on the severity of the fracture, treatment may involve a dental filling, crown, or in severe cases, tooth extraction. As a parent, ensure your child wears a mouthguard during sports or other physical activities to prevent tooth fractures and other dental injuries.

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is the most common cause of tooth pain in children. When bacteria in the mouth produce acids that attack the tooth enamel, it can lead to cavities that can cause pain and sensitivity. If left untreated, tooth decay can progress and lead to infection, which can cause more severe pain and swelling. 

To prevent tooth pain caused by tooth decay in your child, encourage good oral hygiene habits, such as regular brushing and flossing. Also, limit your child’s consumption of sugary foods and drinks. Consider regular dental check-ups and cleanings to help catch and treat tooth decay early before it becomes more serious.

Gum Disease

While gum disease is more commonly associated with adults, it can also occur in children and cause tooth pain if left untreated. Gum disease is caused by a buildup of plaque and bacteria on the teeth and gums, which can cause inflammation and infection. 

Symptoms of gum disease in children may include red, swollen, or bleeding gums, bad breath, and tooth sensitivity. Treatment for gum disease in children may involve professional dental cleaning, antibiotics, and in severe cases, surgery. Good oral hygiene habits, such as regular brushing and flossing and regular dental check-ups, can help prevent gum disease in children. 

Tooth pain in children can be a challenging experience for both parents and children. However, by being aware of the common causes of tooth pain, you can prevent dental problems before they become more severe. 

Remember, a healthy smile is essential for your child’s physical health and contributes to their emotional well-being and self-confidence. So, whether it’s teething, cavities, or an injury, keep an eye out for any signs of tooth pain and act promptly.